"We feel emotional because we are responding to the hopes and dreams of the present and future generations", said Ambassador Elayne Whyte Gómez of Costa Rica, who serves as the President of the conference that negotiated the treaty in response to a mandate given by the UN General Assembly. "The world has been waiting for this legal norm for 70 years", since the use of the first atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 at the end of World War II. "We call upon the United States and European nations to work with other nations to map out a credible, verifiable and enforceable strategy for the total elimination of nuclear weapons", the statement read. All states should give their full backing to this antidote to the cynical brinkmanship embodied in the development, stockpiling or use of nuclear weapons.
Within hours of its adoption, the United States, Britain and France rejected the treaty and said they have no intention of joining it.
140 countries are working together to produce a treaty that will make nuclear weapons illegal under global law.
France has already taken concrete, substantial nuclear disarmament measures, in particular by halving its nuclear arsenal, stopping nuclear tests, ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and irreversibly closing its facilities which produce fissile material for nuclear weapons.
"Right now", Carter added, "the USA government defies its existing disarmament obligations under the Nonproliferation Treaty by planning to fund an extensive buildup of its nuclear arsenal".Читайте также: Kyle Lowry, Raptors Agree To Three-Year, $100 Million Contract
The prohibitions also include any undertaking to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
That pact sought to prevent the spread of atomic arms beyond the five original weapons powers - the U.S., Russia, Britain, France and China.
U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley said March 27 when talks began on the nuclear weapons ban treaty that "there is nothing I want more for my family than a world with no nuclear weapons, but we have to be realistic". For nuclear-armed nations that choose to join, the treaty outlines a process for destroying stockpiles and enforcing the countries' promise to remain free of nuclear weapons. It will enter into force when 50 States have ratified the treaty, an effort that will be supported by the ICRC and Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world.
"It is beyond question that nuclear weapons violate the laws of war and pose a clear danger to global security", said Beatrice Fihn, director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. It advocated that the treaty recognize the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, that it be based on worldwide humanitarian law, and that it contain a clear and unambiguous prohibition.При любом использовании материалов сайта и дочерних проектов, гиперссылка на обязательна.
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